Burns and Scalds are among the most serious and painful of Injuries. Cornwall Resus offer some expert advice and talk you through some Do’s and Don’ts.
Children under 5 years of age may be at greater risk from the effects of Burns and Scalds so always seek medical attention.
- Ensure the area is safe, turn off the heat source.
- Hold the burned area under RUNNING cold water for a minimum of 10 minutes. This cools the actual burn not just the skin.
- For chemical burns (i.e. acid, bleach) cool for 20-30 minutes under running cold water.
- Remove watches or jewellery from around the affected area.
- Cover with sterile dressing (non fluffy) use cling film if you don’t have a suitable dressing. Don’t over wrap, a loose covering is fine.
- Sit your child down or on your lap.
- Keep the rest of their body warm with a blanket if necessary.
- Stay with your child and seek urgent medical attention or call 999 if necessary.
- Never apply any sort or cream, ointment or fat to the burn.
- Do not burst any blisters that form – this can lead to serious infection.
- Do not use adhesive dressings.
- Never attempt to remove anything that is stuck to the affected area (i.e. clothing)
- Do not under estimate how long 10 minutes is! Try and time it if you can to ensure effective treatment.